A sea otter’s pelt is the thickest of any mammal. Even a baby sea otter can stay warm on the open ocean, but they do need some help from their mothers. California sea otters spend almost all of their time in the water, while Alaska sea otters often sleep, groom, and nurse their young on land. They hunt for food both in the water such as fish and then also land creatures including small reptiles. They have flattened and rounded molars used for crushing and chewing food. When underwater, their nostrils and ears close. They are native to the northern coastlines of the Pacific Ocean, from northern Japan to Baja, Mexico. A thick layer of underfur covered by black, pale brown or silver guard hairs traps air for insulation. At birth, the weight of a pup is 3 to 5 pounds. This feature also makes them buoyant. Warm air trapped in a sea otter’s fur keeps them warm in chilly waters.When otters dive, they seal their ears and nose.The word otter comes from Old English and Indo European root words that were also used to create the English word for water.Otters have the densest fur in the world. It is made up of a waterproof top layer and a short underlayer, which can contain as many as one million hairs per square inch. Its’ tail makes up almost 1/3 of the length of the otter and is flattened to aid in swimming. Their bodies are insulated by a thick fur coat and not by blubber as in other marine mammals. An otter is one of the few species that use tools. endstream endobj startxref If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. Sea Otters live in coastal waters & estuaries. Due to their thick, soft pelts, sea otters were hunted extensively before the international ban was enforced. Family:The Sea Otter is the largest member of the weasel family (the Mustelidae). By … $[AD�`�$�V��� V����9@�� $$�3�D�%H�"�(f`bdP�)"�3}0 �4- National Geographic: Sea Otter 2. They are also very vocal and communicate use a variety of calls. Sea otters are the only marine mammal that does not have blubber to keep it warm. Sea Otter - Fact Sheet. 181 0 obj <>stream Sea Otters live in coastal waters & estuaries. See the fact file below for more information on the sea otters or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Sea Otter worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. Northern sea otter in Alaska (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) Description Sea otters are a member of the weasel family (Mustelidae) and live in the near-shore waters along the North Pacifi c ocean. To find out more, see our, Sea Otter Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com, Average Lifespan in the Wild: Up to 23 years. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about sea otters across 25 in-depth pages. Fact Sheet – Southern Sea Otter Natural History . Females can breed twice a year. Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. Sea otters have several adaptations that allow them to live in a marine environment. Under their forearms are baggy pockets used to store food and sometimes stones. Lacking blubber, it relies on its fur to keep warm and spends more time than any other mammal grooming itself to maintain its insulation. Did you know… Otters are carnivores? Sea otters mostly eat invertebrates; invertebrates are animals without spines. Revised March 2013. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. At four years of age, female sea otters reach sexual maturity, males follow after a month. Facts about Sea Otter, Giant Otter, European Otter, African Otter and River Otter. Facts and Impacts. h�b```f``*d`a``�cd@ A�r,e�=�jƴ�@�� ��dM�$GCE{��+ ~cM �� Fe��6�F�G~,*]�őR�^~eZ��ʰ�O���d?�H� %���� �20 They use their paws to locate prey. They have webbed hind legs, which look like flippers. They live mainly on land that is very close to bodies of water. Sea otters (Enhydra lutris) are an easily recognized and beloved marine mammal. Their nickname is the “sea beaver.” After 12 weeks of constantly grooming and feeding a pup, it is considered a juvenile. 0 Introduction to Otters. The River Otter Ecology Project is a registered 501 (c)(3) EIN #45-4997526 non-profit organization dedicated to the welfare of river otters and our watershed. The Sea otter, Enhydra lutris, is the smallest marine mammal in the world. Their muscular tail helps them steer and swim. To find out more, see our cookie policy. Download the fact sheet. Today, almost 90% of the sea otter population lives in the coastal waters of Alaska. They can swim on their backs easily but walk awkwardly on land. Generally, the male sea otters grows from 3.11 to 4.11 feet in length and weighs around 49 to 99 pounds. They are nocturnal mammals, which means they hunt and prefer to move around at night. Sign Me Up. Skiff Operation Guidance to Avoid Disturbing Sea Otters; Fact Sheet; Outreach; Alaska Native Hunting & Crafting ; FWS Role in Sea Otter Management. Sea Otter Facts & Information Sea otters are members of the weasel family (Mustelidae). Older sea otters sometimes get silvery … Marine Mammals Management biologists work to keep the Alaska sea otter population and its habitats healthy and ensure there will be opportunities for a variety of human uses, including subsistence hunting and wildlife viewing. Sea otters sleep, rest, and usually swim by paddling with their hind flippers on their backs. Instead, they have the densest fur, keeping their body temperature around 100 degrees. Most sea otters live in the offshore forests of the Russian and Alaskan Pacific coasts. Sea otters are one of the smallest marine mammals in the world yet the largest member of the weasel family. Sign Up. Mother sea otters nurse their pup for eight months. Our organization is not affiliated with any other otter-related research group or community outreach organization. In addition, they teach their pups how to swim, look for and retrieve food. Link will appear as Sea Otter Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 5, 2018. A sea otter’s lower jaw is equipped with four incisors. Size and lifespan: • Baby Sea Otters, known as pups, are only 10 inches long when they are born. They use their paws to locate prey. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. The gestation period for female sea otters is around 4 to 5 month. The otter can stay submerged for up to 4 minutes and dive to depths of 60 feet. Tags: africa, fact sheet, freshwater, fur, lake, mammal, mustelid, otter, river, san diego zoo, sdzg, spot-necked otter SDZG Library Mission: to provide outstanding information resources and services to advance knowledge in animal and plant care and conservation, inspire passion for nature, ignite personal responsibility, and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save species worldwide. They are often mistaken for beavers though. Sea otters are the heaviest of the 13 otter species (giant otters are the longest). #�� Sea otters often float at the water's surface in forests of kelp, or giant seaweed, and entangle themselves to keep from moving in the rolling sea. Over the past 45 years, sea otters have experienced a 50% population decline. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE . The female sea otters are smaller as they grow up to 4.7 feet in length and weigh up to 73 pounds. They are carnivores, meaning they eat meat such as clams, mussels, abalone, urchins, snails, crabs, other marine species and small mammals. Sign Me Up, Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members.To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! Lifespan: 10-15 years on average, but some have lived to be 20. An otter family will defend a territory and use scent to mark the territory boundaries. They are able to walk on land, but can live completely in the ocean if they so choose. Ken Peterson, (831) 648-4922; kpeterson@mbayaq.org Angela Hains, (831) 647-6804; ahains@mbayaq.org . Their fur is the densest of any animal with about 100,000 hairs per square centimeter. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2021This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Sea otters have small front legs and stiff toes for handling food, while strong back legs with webbed feet allow for graceful paddling through the water. Among the northern population, female sea otters give birth between May and June, while southern populations peak between January and March. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! The sea otter is an almost exclusively marine animal, spending little time ashore. Their reddish-brown coat is the densest of any mammal with 100,000 hairs per cm². We receive no government funding, and depend solely on financial support from our friends. Sea otters have an ingenious method to open shellfish. Sea otters are a keystone species, meaning their role in their environment has a greater effect than other species. Their paws have retractable claws and palms with tough pads. 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