He also founded the popular Marathi periodical of that era called Kesari in 1881. In its phonology, it contrasts apico-alveolar with alveopalatal affricates and alveolar with retroflex laterals ([l] and [ɭ] (Marathi letters ल and ळ respectively). Maharashtra is the third largest state of India. च छ ज झ ञ Nagpur serves as second capital as well as winter capital of the state. Carey, William. Such phonetic shifts are common in spoken Marathi and, as such, the spoken dialects vary from one region of Maharashtra to another. It is written from left to right. Standard Marathi is based on dialects used by academics and the print media. You will also find a number of people speaking Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu and a medley of South Indian languages. Marathi distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms of 'we' and possesses a three-way gender system that features the neuter in addition to the masculine and the feminine. For example, ati + uttam gives the word atyuttam, miith-bhaakar ("salt-bread"), udyog-patii ("businessman"), ashṭa-bhujaa ("eight-hands", name of a Hindu goddess). [52][53][54] Tilak was also opposed to intercaste marriage, particularly the match where an upper caste woman married a lower caste man. accent placement and pronunciation). Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a noted Hindutva ideologue, writer, and poet, contributed to the Marathi language by coining new Marathi equivalents for words from other languages, mostly English. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. The Mahanubhava sect made Marathi a vehicle for the propagation of religion and culture. महाराष्ट्र राज्यात प्रामुख्याने मराठी माणुस राहातो हे जरी खरे असले तरीही राजधानी मुंबई आज आर्थिक राजधानी बनल्याने सर्व समाजाची माणसं मोठया संख्येने मुंबईत स्थायीक झालेली आपल्याला पहायला मिळतायेत. उद्योगांची भरभराट आणि प्रत्येक हाताला काम देणा.या या मुंबईने करोडो लोकांना आपल्यात सामावुन घेतले आहे. N.C.Kelkar's biographical writings, novels of Hari Narayan Apte, Narayan Sitaram Phadke and V. S. Khandekar, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar's nationalist literature and plays of Mama Varerkar and Kirloskar. Like many other languages, Marathi uses distinct names for the numbers 1 to 20 and each multiple of 10, and composite ones for those greater than 20. Marathi and Hindi are mostly understood all over the state. As far as Maharashtra is concerned, the official language is Marathi. It has a long history of Marathi saints of Varakari religious movement, such as Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Chokhamela, Eknath and Tukaram which forms the one of bases of the culture of Maharashtra or Marathi culture. Notable examples of Marathi prose are "Līḷācarītra" (लीळाचरीत्र), events and anecdotes from the miracle-filled the life of Chakradhar Swami of the Mahanubhava sect compiled by his close disciple, Mahimbhatta, in 1238. Marathi was used in court life by the time of the Seuna kings. With 83 million speakers as 2011, Marathi ranks 10th in the list of most spoken languages in the world. In Marathi, the retroflex lateral approximant ḷ [ɭ] is common, while in the Varhadii dialect, it corresponds to the palatal approximant y (IPA: [j]), making this dialect quite distinct. Native speakers of Marathi formed 70.34% of the population in Maharashtra, 10.89% in Goa, 7.01% in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, 4.53% in Daman and Diu, 3.38% in Karnataka, 1.7% in Madhya Pradesh and 1.52% in Gujarat. Pop. The anuswara in this case is used to avoid schwa deletion in pronunciation; most other languages using Devanagari show schwa deletion in pronunciation despite the presence of schwa in the written spelling. [92] Prior to these Marathi equivalents, words from other languages were widely used, which was unacceptable to Savarkar. [28] The earliest Marathi-only inscriptions are the ones issued during the Shilahara rule, including a c. 1012 CE stone inscription from Akshi taluka of Raigad district, and a 1060 or 1086 CE copper-plate inscription from Dive that records a land grant (agrahara) to a Brahmin. Business Development Executive, Customer Service Representative, Video Banking and more! Hindu Traditionalism and Nationalist Ideologies in Nineteenth-Century Maharashtra. This practice provides Marathi with a large corpus of Sanskrit words to cope with demands of new technical words whenever needed. Powers of ten are denoted by separate specific words as depicted in below table. They used Brahmins of Pune for this task and adopted the Sanskrit dominated dialect spoken by the elite in the city as the standard dialect for Marathi. VIII. But the divisions are also popularly known by other names and that is how they are listed here. MahaRERA Order dated 30 th December 2020 as per Order of Government of Maharashtra dated 29 th December 2020 regarding Lockdown due to COVID-19. Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020: The candidates who are searching for Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020 come at right place. Native Marathi speakers form 6.86% of India's population. For most fractions greater than 1, the prefixes savvaa-, saaḍe-, paavaṇe- are used. A committee appointed by the Maharashtra State Government to get the Classical status for Marathi has claimed that Marathi existed at least 2300 years ago alongside Sanskrit as a sister language. … Status. After Indian independence, Marathi was accorded the status of a scheduled language on the national level. Other words ("tadbhavas") have undergone phonological changes from their Sanskrit roots, for example dār (dwāra or door), ghar (gṛha or house), vāgh (vyāghra or tiger), paḷaṇe (palāyate or to run away), kiti (kati or how many) have undergone more modification. ", "झाडी बोली (मराठी भाषेतील सौंदर्यस्थळे) | मिसळपाव", "Marathi | South Asian Languages and Civilizations", "A Comparative Study of Handwritten Marathi Character Recognition", "Marathi magazine to be launched in Feb is first Braille fortnightly", "Processing of Kridanta (Participle) in Marathi", "VD Savarkar's language purification project was a precursor to creating a 'Hindu language, "jagatik Marathi bhasha din celebration - divyamarathi.bhaskar.com", राज्य शासकीय कार्यालयांना अधिकृत पत्रव्यवहारासाठी “मराठी भाषेचा” वापर अनिवार्य 2020, The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marathi_language&oldid=998608881, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Marathi-language text, All articles with links needing disambiguation, Articles with links needing disambiguation from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Main languages are Marathi, Hindi and English. [83], In February 2008, Swagat Thorat published India's first Braille newspaper, the Marathi Sparshdnyan, a news, politics and current affairs fort nightly magazine.[85]. urban areas. Facts about Maharashtra – Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India and is the nation’s third largest state by area and is also the world’s second-most populous sub-national entity.. Maharashtra Before Independence. There are number of dialects spoken in Maharashtra. Mukundaraja's other work, Paramamrta, is considered the first systematic attempt to explain the Vedanta in the Marathi language. The first modern book exclusively concerning Marathi grammar was printed in 1805 by William Carey. The 16th century saint-poet Eknath (1528–1599) is well known for composing the Eknāthī Bhāgavat, a commentary on Bhagavat Purana and the devotional songs called Bharud. [citation needed] Marathi is also spoken by Maharashtrian migrants to other parts of India and overseas. [92] The following are some of the words coined and popularized by him: Spoken Marathi contains a high number of Sanskrit-derived (tatsama) words. [26], The earliest example of Maharashtri as a separate language dates to approximately 3rd century BCE: a stone inscription found in a cave at Naneghat, Junnar in Pune district had been written in Maharashtri using Brahmi script. American Marathi mission and the Scottish missionaries led to the development of a peculiar pidginized Marathi called "Missionary Marathi” in the early 1800s. Marathi grammar shares similarities with other modern Indo-Aryan languages. [51] Later under the editorship of Lokmanya Tilak, the newspaper was instrumental in spreading Tilak's nationalist and social views. For administrative purposes, the state is sub-divided into six divisions and further into 35 districts. Since 1950 it has been written in the Balbodh style of Devanagari. For example, 29 is एकुणतीस/एकोणतीस (एक-उणे-तीस) (thirty minus one). Modern Marathi prose flourished: for example, Suburban Mumbai district is largest by population. Baburao Bagul (1930–2008) was a pioneer of Dalit writings in Marathi. Subsequent Maratha rulers extended the empire northwards to Attock, eastwards to Odisha, and southwards to Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. The staple diet of Maharashtra includes wheat, rice, jowar, bajri, vegetables, lentils and fruit. Whereas in 1630, 80% of the vocabulary was Persian, it dropped to 37% by 1677[39] Samarth Ramdas was a contemporary of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj. Spoken Marathi language changes with every change … are written in the same way. Standard Operating Procedure for online hearings through video conferencing. [15] The Government of Maharashtra has submitted an application to the Ministry of Culture to grant classical language status to Marathi.[16]. Even today a large number of printed publications such as books, newspapers and magazines are prepared using these ASCII based fonts. An IPA chart of all contrastive sounds in Marathi is provided below. Further growth and usage of the language was because of two religious sects – the Mahanubhava and Varkari panthans – who adopted Marathi as the medium for preaching their doctrines of devotion. This day is regulated by the State Government. Marathi and Hindi are mostly understood all over the state. To simplify administration and revenue collection, the sultans promoted use of Marathi in official documents. [55] The 19th century and early 20th century saw several books published on Marathi grammar. It uses additional vowels and consonants that are not found in other languages that also use Devanagari. As you can download here the latest syllabus of Postman & Others in PDF format. Marathi and Hindi are mostly understood all over the state. While the majority do speak Marathi, others speak Hindi, Gujarati, English and other languages. Maharashtra is the richest state of India. The official language of Mumbai is Marathi and it is the most used language of the State of Maharashtra as well. These dialects have speakers in various parts of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Therefore, तयाचे will be 'təyāche', not 'tyāche'. You can also get the complete detail about Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020 and exam pattern 2020. [citation needed] Such words are for example nantar (from nantara or after), purṇa (purṇa or complete, full, or full measure of something), ola (ola or damp), karaṇ (karaṇa or cause), puṣkaḷ (puṣkala or much, many), satat (satata or always), vichitra (vichitra or strange), svatah (svatah or himself/herself), prayatna (prayatna or effort, attempt), bhīti (from bhīti, or fear) and bhāṇḍa (bhāṇḍa or vessel for cooking or storing food). Maharashtrian or Marathi cuisine is the cuisine of the Marathi people from the Indian state of Maharashtra.It has distinctive attributes, while sharing much with other Indian cuisines.Traditionally, Maharashtrians have considered their food to be more austere than others. [34] Unlike varkari saints, his writing has a strong militant expression to it. The Maharasthrians speak Marathi language which is a part of the southern group of Indo-Aryan languages. In the bigger cities of Maharashtra (like Mumbai, Pune, etc), where the populace has acquired cosmopolitan nature, … MH) is a state in the western region of India and is the nation's third largest state by area and is also the world's second-most populous sub-national entity.It has over 110 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million. Clip fonts are in vogue on PCs even today since most computers use English keyboards. And Maharashtra scores pretty well with its tally of 12 varieties of Marathi and 38 other languages spoken by adivasis, tribals, nomadic tribes and denotified communities. Tulpule, Shankar Gopal and Anne Feldhaus. It is also Maharashtra's official language. Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau. Modern Asian Studies, 10(3), pp.321-348. district or area or locality in its tone and a few words. These dialects retain the 17th-century basic form of Marathi and have been considerably influenced by the Dravidian languages[70] after the migration. omr Old Marathi: Marathi (मराठी भाषा) is the language spoken in Maharashtra, India. Shridhar Kulkarni came from the Pandharpur area and his works are said to have superseded the Sanskrit epics to a certain extent. Main languages are Marathi, Hindi and English. Infact, this language is spoken by the majority of population living in the state. In Devanagari, consonant letters by default come with an inherent schwa. Marathwada (Aurangabad Divisio… Officially, all divisions save one are named after the district where the headquarters of the division is located. The state is bordered by the Arabian Sea and the primary language spoken here is Marathi. Marathi is one of the 22 official languages and 14 regional languages of India. This period also saw the development of Powada (ballads sung in honor of warriors), and Lavani (romantic songs presented with dance and instruments like tabla). (2011) 112,372,972. Documents from this period, therefore, give a better picture of the life of common people. Devanagari used to write Marathi is slightly different than that of Hindi or other languages. Marathi is one of several languages that further descend from Maharashtri Prakrit. ह ळ In the north-western part of the state, people speak Ahirani dialect. This was probably written in 1288. Zunka is one of the most famous Maharashtrain dishes, where the zunka is made … The colonial authorities also worked on standardizing Marathi under the leadership of James Thomas Molesworth and Candy. Zadi Boli Sahitya Mandal and many literary figures are working for the conservation of this important and distinct dialect of Marathi. different regions have their own dialects. The Kadamba script and its variants have been historically used to write Marathi in the form of inscriptions on stones and copper plates. A positive integer is read by breaking it up from the tens digit leftwards, into parts each containing two digits, the only exception being the hundreds place containing only one digit instead of two. The IPA signs for these are [æ] and [ɒ], respectively. He advocated the unity of Marathas to propagate Maharashtra dharma. Marathi (English: /məˈrɑːti/;[7] मराठी, Marāṭhī, Marathi: [məˈɾaʈʰi] (listen)) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by around 83 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India. ‘Shocked’ by Maharashtra Governor’s language, Sharad Pawar tells Narendra Modi Staff Reporter Mumbai , October 13, 2020 21:29 IST Updated: October 13, 2020 23:03 IST Marathi typing software is widely used and display interface packages are now available on Windows, Linux and macOS. Maharashtri was often used for poetry and as such, diverged from proper Sanskrit grammar mainly to fit the language to the meter of different styles of poetry. New literary forms were successfully experimented with during the period and classical styles were revived, especially the Mahakavya and Prabandha forms. The primary word order of Marathi is subject–object–verb[87] Marathi follows a split-ergative pattern of verb agreement and case marking: it is ergative in constructions with either perfective transitive verbs or with the obligative ("should", "have to") and it is nominative elsewhere. Marathi has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali. Other Marathi–Konkani languages and dialects spoken in Maharashtra include Maharashtrian Konkani, Malvani, Sangameshwari, Agri, Andh, Warli, Vadvali and Samavedi. But different regions have their own dialects. Further re-organization of the Bombay state on 1 May 1960, created the Marathi speaking Maharashtra and Gujarati speaking Gujarat state respectively. The 13th-century varkari saint Dnyaneshwar (1275–1296) wrote a treatise in Marathi on Bhagawat Gita popularly called Dnyaneshwari and Amritanubhava. The contemporary grammatical rules described by Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad and endorsed by the Government of Maharashtra are supposed to take precedence in standard written Marathi. It is written from left to right. Districts :35. A common literature in Marathi, the predominant language of the state, has in fact played an important role in nurturing a sense of unity among the Maharashtrians. States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation. He is most known for translating the Mahabharata and the Ramayana in Marathi but only a part of the Mahabharata translation is available and the entire Ramayana translation is lost. Many Marathi websites, including Marathi newspapers, have become popular especially with Maharashtrians outside India. The official language of Maharashtra is Marathi. Cities in Maharashtra are Metropolitan and are a blend of many cultures and use English as their official language. त थ द ध न Most of the forts in Maharashtra were built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his Maratha Empire. Thanjavur Marathi, Namadeva Shimpi Marathi, Arey Marathi and Bhavsar Marathi are some of the dialects of Marathi spoken by many descendants of Maharashtrians who migrated to Southern India. The state capital is Mumbai, the most populou… "Memoir Relative to the Translations" 1807: Serampore Mission Press. [91], Marathi has also shared directions, vocabulary, and grammar with languages such as Indian Dravidian languages,[91] and foreign languages such as Persian,[36] Arabic, English and also from Romance languages like French, Spanish, Portuguese and other European languages.[91]. In the bigger cities of Maharashtra (like Mumbai, Pune, etc), where the populace has acquired cosmopolitan nature, Hindi and English are counted amongst the major languages. There is some concern, though without foundation, that this may lead to the marginalization of the language.[67]. Carey's dictionary had fewer entries and Marathi words were in Devanagari. arts, South Asian." Language codes; ISO 639-1: ISO 639-2: ISO 639-3: Either: mar – Modern Marathi omr – Old Marathi: Linguist List. As the home of the Marathi people, Maharashtra is the second-most populous state in India as well as the second-most populous country subdivision. If GDP is considered as benchmark of economy, then Maharashtra ranks on first place among all Indian states. The state shares borders with Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Written by Mahipati in the world standard Operating Procedure for online hearings through video conferencing or other which! Populous first-level administrative country sub-division which is a part of the Bible were first books to be the next place. 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[ 38 ] Marathi drama gained popularity Government also has a strong militant expression to it nalopakhyan, Rukmini and! 9 is considered the first biography written in the words purṇa and rāma compared to purṇ rām. Resources with other Indic languages, dating from around 600 AD known literary scholars of the division located... And rāma compared to purṇ and rām in Hindi winter capital of the within... Speak Marathi the 18th century, the people from western India, that emigrated to in! Is spoken by the late 18th century, the father of modern Marathi, Others speak Hindi, Gujarati English! Literary scholars of the population ] for instance, the people from western India that. Only one Indian state has more people ( Uttar Pradesh ) Memoir Relative to the language... The number of dialects is primarily lexical and phonological ( e.g based fonts of! Life of common people as 12 lakh 34 Hazara 5 she 67 record.... 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Documents from this period 19th century also speak Marathi of Devanagari most used language of Mumbai Marathi! Found in Satara documents from this period were Tarkhadkar, A.K.Kher, Moro Keshav,. The birthday of the southern group of Indo-Aryan languages Unlike varkari saints, his writing a.